By Kenneth Braswell, CEO
Fathers Incorporated

Challenges, evolution, and resilience punctuate the employment story for Black men in America. These men have navigated changing labor landscapes over the decades, confronting racial disparities, economic downturns, and societal shifts. Today’s environment, shaped by the aftermath of COVID-19 and the rise of the gig economy, presents unprecedented challenges and new opportunities.

Black men, specifically fathers, stand at a unique intersection of socio-economic and racial dynamics that has seen considerable shifts over the past decades. By examining their employment trajectory, we gain a deeper appreciation of their challenges, the victories they’ve achieved, and the modern hurdles brought about by events like the COVID-19 pandemic. Enriched by a historical backdrop, this understanding sets the stage for advocating tailored strategies to uplift Black fathers, ensuring their economic security and progress.

Historical Overview: A Persistent Battle

From the time of the Civil Rights Movement through the new millennium, Black men have navigated a complex employment terrain. The 1960s saw about 80% of men actively employed. However, by 2010, while employment for white men stood at 68%, for Black men, it was a mere 57%. This disparity wasn’t just limited to employment rates; wage differences also persisted. In the mid-1960s, while white men were bringing in around $40,000 annually, Black men saw earnings in the mid-$20,000 range1. Despite significant societal progress, the ensuing decades have been characterized by slow wage growth, with gaps between Black and white men enduring.

The Intersection of Fatherhood and Employment

As societal expectations and norms evolve, Black fathers, like many others, find themselves amid a transformation. An increasing emphasis on active fatherhood means more Black men are embracing their roles not just as providers but as nurturers, caretakers, and equal partners in child-rearing. This shift is heartening, symbolizing a move towards more equitable parenting and breaking away from traditional stereotypes.

However, these changes also introduce new complexities into the realm of employment. As Black fathers prioritize shared parenting, flexibility in work schedules becomes paramount. The need to balance employment demands with fatherly responsibilities has led many to reconsider their career trajectories, seeking roles that allow them to be present fathers and providers.

Moreover, the issue of paternity leave is coming to the fore. Historically, paternity leave has either been unavailable or stigmatized, making it challenging for fathers to take time off post the birth of a child. But as Black fathers increasingly advocate for their rights, there’s a growing demand for policies that recognize and support their dual roles. Employers are being called upon to ensure that paternity benefits are not just available on paper but are accessible and normalized within workplace cultures.

Furthermore, the broader societal conversation around caregiving responsibilities touches Black fathers significantly. As they play a more active role in the lives of their children and families, there’s a heightened recognition of the need for supportive infrastructure. This includes everything from flexible work hours to accommodate school events to opportunities for remote work, ensuring fathers can care for sick children without compromising their employment status.

In essence, the evolution of Black fatherhood is reshaping perceptions and expectations around employment. As Black fathers navigate these new terrains, there’s an imperative for both societal understanding and systemic support, ensuring that they can fulfill their roles at home and in the workplace without undue strain or compromise.

The Impacts of COVID-19 on Workforce Development and Employment Habits

The COVID-19 pandemic reshaped global employment landscapes. Entire industries were crippled, leading to soaring unemployment rates. While the world grappled with these challenges, Black communities in America faced exacerbated difficulties given their historical economic vulnerabilities. The pandemic brought about an involuntary shift towards remote work, but this model wasn’t universally applicable. Many Black men in essential services confronted elevated health risks, while others faced layoffs in sectors that saw economic downturns.

The Gig Economy: A Double-Edged Sword

Platforms like Uber epitomize the modern gig economy, presenting unique opportunities and significant challenges. For Black fathers and families hit by economic adversities, the gig economy offered a lifeline, providing flexible earning opportunities. However, the very nature of gig work, marked by its lack of stability, absence of conventional benefits, and often lower earnings, can be a trap. While it guarantees immediate income, it does not always ensure sustainable financial security.

Entrepreneurship: Breaking Through Barriers

Despite the setbacks, a growing trend among Black men is the turn towards entrepreneurship. The digital age, characterized by its expansive e-commerce platforms and online services, offers a plethora of opportunities. For Black fathers, this means an alternative to traditional employment and a chance to create financially rewarding and personally fulfilling businesses.

Current Employment Trends: Promising Developments?

Recent times have seen encouraging employment trends among Black men. Unemployment rates are diminishing, but it’s crucial to differentiate between employment and meaningful employment. Underemployment and mismatched job roles remain concerns. Many Black men find themselves in positions that don’t align with their qualifications, representing a squandered potential that can be harnessed with the right interventions.

Recommendations: How Responsible Fatherhood Programs Can Usher in Change

For Black fathers to truly thrive in today’s labor market, multifaceted support is essential. Responsible fatherhood programs can play a pivotal role. Institutions like Fathers Incorporated stand at this pivotal juncture, with the dual mission of socio-economic upliftment and championing racial justice. Their role isn’t just about advocacy but action, and here’s how they can shape the narrative:

  • Skill and Trade Training: As the global economy evolves, the demand for specialized skills becomes paramount. Black fathers can benefit immensely from programs that tie up with trade and technical institutions, ensuring they’re equipped for the jobs of the future.
  • Nurturing Entrepreneurial Spirits: Sessions dedicated to business planning, market navigation, and financial management can galvanize Black fathers towards setting up enterprises. This entrepreneurial push can translate into self-sufficiency, community upliftment, and legacies of generational wealth.
  • Wage Parity Campaigns: Empowerment isn’t just about jobs but fair compensation. Workshops, seminars, and advocacy campaigns can equip Black fathers with negotiation skills, ensuring they’re remunerated relatively in the labor market.
  • Building Robust Networks: Platforms that foster professional interactions can be transformative. These interactions can spur mentorship opportunities, collaborations, and even job prospects, creating an ecosystem of growth and support.
  • Championing Continuous Learning: The emphasis on lifelong education cannot be overstated. Partnerships with academic institutions to offer scholarships or subsidized courses can ensure Black fathers maintain their competitive edge.
  • Embrace the Digital Age: From online courses to digital business tools, harnessing technology can provide Black fathers with resources that were previously out of reach.


The journey of Black men in the American workforce, though rife with challenges, is also a testament to resilience and adaptability. As we navigate a post-pandemic world, there’s an urgent imperative to redress long-standing issues. With targeted support, evolving employment landscapes, and the undying spirit of entrepreneurship, the future holds promise. Through collaboration, advocacy, and education, responsible fatherhood programs can spearhead transformative changes to ensure that Black fathers aren’t just participants in the economy but significant contributors, harnessing opportunities and crafting legacies of success.

About Fathers Incorporated

Fathers Incorporated is a non-profit organization based in Atlanta, Georgia that aims to promote responsible fatherhood and support the development of healthy families. The organization was founded in 2004 by Kenneth Braswell, who wanted to provide resources and support for fathers who were struggling to be present and active in their children’s lives.

Fathers Incorporated offers a range of programs and services to support fathers, including fatherhood training and development programs, job readiness training, and parenting education classes. The organization also provides support and resources to fathers who are facing legal or financial challenges, such as child support issues, custody disputes or housing challenges. For more information, visit

Posted by Fathers Incorporated

Fathers Incorporated (FI) is a national, non-profit organization working to build stronger families and communities through the promotion of Responsible Fatherhood. Established in 2004, FI has a unique seat at the national table, working with leaders in the White House, Congress, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Family Law, and the Responsible Fatherhood Movement. FI works collaboratively with organizations around the country to identify and advocate for social and legislative changes that lead to healthy father involvement with children, regardless of the father’s marital or economic status, or geographic location. From employment and incarceration issues, to child support and domestic violence, FI addresses long-standing problems to achieve long-term results for children, their families, the communities, and nation in which they live.

One Comment

  1. Mr. Michael J. Hall November 25, 2023 at 12:57 pm

    Excellent overview. As I navigate being a Husband and what’s called a hands-on dad (smh) along with being an entrepreneur and Director of a Fatherhood Initiative I applaud your article
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